: 1 Continuing the topic of war crimes in Poland, made by the armed forces of the Third Reich, a few words about the Luftwaffe. Wieluń was the first victim of German bombing during World War II. At the time of the Luftwaffe attack, no army units were stationed in the city, and there were no defense posts. The aim of the German attack was the civilian population. In Wieluń, about 1,200 people died. 380 bombs with a total weight of 46 tons fell on the city. Bombs dropped on Wieluń by "pieces" destroyed the city in 75 percent. The first bombs hit the hospital marked with the red cross. The Germans wanted to terrorize the population and cause that thousands of residents would turn out on the roads and paralyze the country. Wieluń attacked the 4th German Air Fleet - "stukas" (Junkers Ju 87), or dive bombers, which were able to make a very precise and destructive attack. Among them was m.in. And a squadron of the 76th dive bombers' regiment, which included airmen from the Kondor Legion, who bombed the Spanish Guernica in 1937. The sirens in Ju 87 intensified the terror and fear. The civilian population who in panic left their cities and went out on the roads escaping from the hell that Lufwaffe prepared for them, was fired by fighter planes. The columns of fugitives after firing from machine guns fell like ears of corn cut by a scythe. Women, children and the elderly were dying in fire. On September 13, 1939, the bombers of the 8th Luftwaffe Air Force of Wolfram von Richthofen bombed Frapol. The Germans decided to use the unique buildings of the city. Frampol, with its very regular street plan (photo 2) and the largest market in Europe, resembled a kind of shooting shield. The German writer Wolfgang Schreyer described the Luftwaffe bombing in the book "Augen am Himmel": "Frampol was chosen as an experimental facility because bombers flying at low speed were not threatened by anti-aircraft fire." Also the centrally located town hall was an ideal landmark for the crew. We looked at the possibility of orientation on visible signs, as well as the size of the town, which guaranteed that the bombs were falling on Frampol. "